According to a statistics presented by National Centre for Health Statistics/Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, the percentage of children aged 5-19 years with untreated dental caries was 18.6% (2011-2014) and that of adults aged 20-44 with untreated dental caries was 31.6% (2011-2014).Percentage of children aged 2-17 years with a dental visit in the past year was 84.6% (2016), adults aged 18-64 with a dental visit in the past year was 64.4% (2016), adults aged 65 and over with a dental visit in the past year was 64.3% (2016) which shows that more sensitising is needed if people are to maintain their oral hygiene.
Diseases and causes
Patrick Sserwada, a dentist at Basil Dental Clinic says the common disease of the teeth is dental carries which is caused when a person does not clean his or her mouth after consuming food or anything sweet although he says there are others such as gum disease, periodontitis, mouth tumour and all are as a result of lack of oral care.
He says in order for one to make sure that their teeth are safe, they should clean their mouth after every meal and before going to bed so that there is no room for the bacteria to breed.
He advises people to avoid consuming unhealthy foods especially those with lots of sugar or if they cannot avoid it then they should brush immediately after consuming it.
Visiting a dentist is a must and he says it should be done after every six months regardless of how healthy the person may seem.
Eric Tumwesigye, a general practitioner at Queens Health Centre says the mouth maybe small but it has the capacity to embarrass you if not well taken care of.
“The mouth is one of the things that are overly used but people tend to ignore it when it comes to taking good care of it,” says Tumwesigye.
He notes that dental care does not end at only brushing but also having medical visits so that the state of your dental can be checked and corrected. “With this, the doctors either fill the gaps or polish the teeth depending on the state at which they are”.
Waiting for the effects of poor hygiene to start showing is something he says has caused many people to lose their teeth because sometimes some of them are out control and just need to be extracted.
“Brushing every organ in the mouth right from the tongue, teeth, and the upper part of the mouth should be a must if the mouth odour is to be avoided. Also using the upward and downward style of brushing saves a lot because with this most of the debris left in the teeth are taken off,” says Tumwesigye.
When using dentures
Howard Besigye, a doctor at Denture Centre Uganda says most of the times loss of teeth is caused by improper maintenance of oral hygiene which necessitates the teeth that have been lost to be replaced.
“Usually this will be this will need to be replaced using a denture which is something that is used to replace surrounding tissues, the missing tooth or part of the tooth,” says Besigye.
He explains that dentures come in two forms that is a fixed denture which is used to bridge part of the tooth or even a whole tooth but it remains permanent on the gum and the removable denture is one that can be taken off.
He says when putting a denture, it is necessary to use an in plant so that the bridge and crown can be supported and held in position.
Although the in plants do a great job in keeping the denture in the right position, they still need to be maintained in way that it should not and using it to bit hard things can cause it to break depending on the material used to make it.
He further says a fixed one can be maintained just as the others but the removable one should always be removed, cleaned and dipped in a disinfectant known as a denture cleanser.
Also he says people should make use of the dentist regardless of whether the teeth are artificial or permanent because this is a practice that keeps the teeth in good shape and also avoids loss of the teeth.