What is stress?
Stress can be an emotional, physical or psychological strain or combination of them. It can come from an event or thought or pressure that can make you feel frustrated, nervous or angry. Stress is your body’s response to anything that requires attention or action.
Everyone experiences stress at some point in life. The way you respond to stress makes a big difference to your overall well-being.
However, stress can either be negative or positive.
Positive stress is referred to as eustress: This is stress that motivates an individual to work harder for example if one is appraised at a work place or rewarded or promoted. The person can have stress that comes from how to maintain the great performance awarded. It basically offers an opportunity for one to get something and it is usually called stress of winning and achieving.
Negative stress is referred to as distress: This results from the inability to cope up with pressure, losing something, or failure. This is accompanied by frustration, depression which can result in heart diseases or any other health problem. If not managed, this can go ahead to cause death.
Some of the causes of stress in our life both social and work related.
Stress from work places.
- Long hours of work
- Unfair working conditions and payment.
- Lack of job security
- Failure to perform work assignments.
- Lack of acknowledgements or promotions or appraisals.
- Work overload.
Stress outside work
- Racial, caste, and religious conflicts.
- Heartbreaks/divorce/relationship issues
- Technological changes
- Career changes
Symptoms of stress
These can be emotional or physical. These can be short term or long term.
- Low energy
- Upset stomach
- Aches, pains and tense muscles
- Chest pain and rapid heartbeat insomnia
- Frequent colds and infections
- Heart attacks
- Hair loss
- Weight gain
- Nervousness and shaking
- Clenched jaw and grinding teeth.
- Becoming easily agitated and moody
- Feeling overwhelmed, like you are losing control
- Having difficult relaxing and quieting your mind.
- Feeling bad about yourself-low self esteem, lonely, worthless, depressed.
- Avoiding others
Some cognitive symptoms
- Racing thoughts
- Constant worrying
- Being pessimistic
- Forgetfulness and disorganization
- Poor judgment.
How to manage stress.
Here are some of the tips that can help you manage stress
- Exercise. Working it out will help your body and mind relax.
- Take a break from whatever is stressing. If it is at work, ask for a day off. This will help you start afresh.
- Do some yoga.
- Eat well. Check your diet-you can eat more fruits, vegetables, take a lot of water.
- Go for therapy.
- Take nature walks/Go for a tour or trip
- Have time for your hobbies like swimming, listening to music or any other thing you like to do.
- Find someone to talk to. Share what you are going through with a trusted person who may give guidance.