By Pascal Kwesiga
Ugandans like many people in different parts of the world are gearing up for the 2015 target for the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As discussions for the post 2015 Development agenda gain momentum, Pascal Kwesiga looks at the status of Uganda on achievement of each of the eight MDGs, what Ugandans know about the MDGs and what different sections of Uganda’s think are their own development goals.
About the MDGs
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight International Development goals established after the UN Millennium Summit in 2000. The UN member countries adopted the goals in the UN Millennium Declaration and committed themselves to achieving them by 2015. The MDGs include;
- To eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
- To achieve universal primary education
- To promote gender equality and empower women
- To reduce child mortality
- To improve maternal health
- To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases
- To ensure environmental sustainability
- To develop a global partnership for development
Each goal has specific targets and dates for achieving those targets. It should be noted that efforts have been made by countries including Uganda to have these goals achieved.
But as the 2015 deadline for MDGs gets closer, countries are making last minute efforts to try to achieve the goals. It’s therefore against this background that I found it relevant to examine Uganda’s performance and engage development experts about the suitable post 2015 development framework.
Here is a graphical presentation of the MDGs and an analysis of Uganda’s performance. Click on the tabs below to see how Uganda performed on the different aspects of each of the MDGs.
BUT WHAT DO ORDINARY PEOPLE THINK ABOUT MDGs?
While the statics from the UN show a mix of achievements on some targets and a struggle on some for Uganda, there has been concern that many Ugandans do not know or care about MDGs or take them to be their own development goals.
Here below are audio recordings and videos presenting how Ugandans understand MDGs, what the government of Uganda can do to improve people’s livelihoods, people’s personal development goals (are their goals included in the MDGs?) and experts weighing in on the relevance of MDGs for Uganda and the key development issues that government should tackle in the post 2015 development agenda.
What are MDGs?
1. Esther Kisakye 11, a Primary Six pupil at Victor Junior School in Nabbingo village on Kampala-Masaka High way
2. Denis Mukiibi 30, a teacher at Victorious Primary School in Mpigi District in Uganda explaining the meaning of MDGs.
These are video responses of people interviewed on MDGs and how they think the government of Uganda has performed<
What can government do?
Here I present the interviews I carried out on the issues people think Government should address to improve their livelihoods. Below are the responses in text and the respondents in pictures
employment opportunities for its people.
George Ssemukaya 54, LCI chairman, Kawaala village in Kampala.There are many people in my area who cannot afford a decent meal a day because they are unemployed. The number of unemployed people is growing by day and they are a security threat to others and the government. There is need for the government to invest in programs that will create
Brenda Murungi 20, a resident in Ntinda, a Kampala suburb. I would like to see the government investing heavily in the education and health system. The quality of service delivery in government health facilities and schools is very poor mainly due limited funding to these sectors. I think there is no point in sending children to school where they are not receiving the necessary knowledge to enable them compete with others in other parts of the World.
Able Mukisa 15, a Student at Kawaala High School in Kampala.I want the government to invest more in football to enable me develop my talent. Football has employed many people across the world because some governments have invested heavily in football. I am part of a big number of youth who have potential to become international footballers if the governments put in place the necessary facilities to develop our talents.
Here I present the interviews i carried out on the peoples’ personal development goals. Below are their responses
Florence Florence Nakiseka, an 18 year old student at St. Mark’s New Hope SS in Nabweru, Wakiso District in Central Uganda.
Rose Karungi, a 20-year old student at Makerere Business Institute in Kampala.
Sharafat Nkizi, a 23 year old student of Mechanical engineering at Kyambogo University.
Here I present the interviews i carried out on the relevance of MDGs for Uganda and the key development issues that government should tackle in the post 2015 development agenda
Lawrence Bategeka, an independent principal research fellow.
Paul Wanyama, an economist and principal of Global Professional College in Kampala, Uganda.
Julius Kiiza, a political economist and policy analyst. He is also a lecturer in the Department of Political Science at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda
Challenges remain as Uganda achieves first Millennium Development Goal UNDP
Uganda and the Development Goals– The Guardian
Uganda lags behind on key MDGs as deadline closes in– Daily Monitor
Uganda makes progress on MDGs– The Independent
Additional reporting and design, Ultimate Media