All types of diabetes are treatable. Diabetes type 1 lasts a lifetime, there is no known cure. Type 2 usually lasts a lifetime, however, some people have managed, through a lot of exercise, diet and excellent body weight control to get rid of their symptoms without medication.
Dairy milk, cheeses, and yogurts are rich sources of calcium, a mineral that increases insulin secretion and may reduce insulin resistance. Dagfinn Aune, from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norway), and colleagues completed a meta-analysis of 17 cohort studies of dairy product intake and risk of type-2 diabetes. The team observed that high intake of dairy products was associated with a significant decrease in the risk of type-2 diabetes, with low-fat dairy products conferring the most pronounced effect.
New data models derived from the Diabetes Prevention Project by the University of Michigan Health System (USA) show that men and women who walked briskly for 30 minutes five days a week‚ lowered their fat and calorie intake‚ and achieved a weight–reduction goal of 7% of body weight over a three–year period were able to cut their risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58%.
Researchers from the Mayo Clinic Arizona in Scottsdale showed that gastric bypass surgery can reverse type 2 diabetes in a high proportion of patients. They added that within three to five years the disease recurs in approximately 21% of them. Yessica Ramos, MD., said “The recurrence rate was mainly influenced by a longstanding history of Type 2 diabetes before the surgery. This suggests that early surgical intervention in the obese, diabetic population will improve the durability of remission of Type 2 diabetes.”
Patients with type 1 are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet and exercise.
Patients with Type 2 diabetes are usually treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required.
If diabetes is not adequately controlled the patient has a significantly higher risk of developing complications.